Doing exercises and sport is generally good for you. As well as keeping you a healthy weight and boosting your self esteem, it reduces your risk of some serious conditions like heart disease, type 2 diabetes, stroke, colon cancer and breast cancer. Exercise also can help reduce your risk of depression, Alzheimer’s, Osteoarthritis, and hip fractures.
Injuries occurring during sports or exercise can happen due to a sudden movement or an overuse injury (RSI). This usually happens if you have not warmed up properly, if you are not using the right techniques or if you over do the exercise.
Sports injuries can affect anybody from professional athletes to children.
If pain occurs during sport or exercise you should stop. The most common injuries are due to a strain (muscle tissue or fibres are pulled or torn) or a sprain (ligaments are overstretched or torn). Some more minor injuries heal with rest others need specialist advice.
Examples of some common sports injuries
The Achilles tendon is the largest tendon in the body. It connects the muscles of your calf to your heel and is used while walking, running and jumping. Tendonitis can occur in the middle portion of the tendon or where the tendon inserts into the heel bone. The onset can occur at any time but is commonly related to overuse of the tendon. It can occur in runners so they should consider how many miles run each week, the type of shoes worn and the type of surface run on. It is possible that a change of running habits such as a change of surface or changing from cross-country to track running may be a contributing factor.
Tennis Elbow or lateral epicondylitis is a common traumatic condition. It occurs in adults and is caused by overuse of your forearm muscles. Causes include playing tennis but more often it is caused by housework or manual occupations (especially with twisting movements such as wringing out clothes or using a screw driver). Pain occurs on the outside of the elbow where some tendons from your forearm attach onto the bone around your elbow and are injured.
Golfers Elbow or medial epicondylitis is similar to tennis elbow however pain occurs on the inside of the elbow. It can be caused by sports involving or throwing a ball, by playing golf as well as sports which rely on an intense grip such as rock climbing.