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Joint Pains

Joint Pains

Joint pain is a symptom of injury, infection, illness or second to an allergic reaction. The pain can be caused by direct or indirect trauma or as a result of an underlying condition such as osteoarthritis (OA) or rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

A. shoulder pain
B. elbow pain
C. knee pain
D. hip pain


The shoulder joint is a ball and socket joint surrounded by a loose capsule. This allows the shoulder to have greater mobility than any other joint.

Shoulder pain is a very common symptom and can be caused from localised problems such as tendinitis or wear and tear as well as being referred from other areas of the body.

Some conditions that can cause shoulder pain
-Adhesive capsulitis or frozen shoulder
-tendinitis (swelling of a tendon)
-bursitis (swelling of a bursa)
-rotator cuff disorders

Frozen Shoulder
Frozen shoulder or adhesive capsulitis is most common over the age of 40. It is more common in the more dominant arm. It normally resolves itself within 2-3 yrs.
It causes a consistent painful stiffness of the shoulder joint and can cause limited shoulder movement.


The elbow joint is a synovial hinge joint. It comprises of three joints functioning as a unit within a single synovial joint capsule. Its major function is to allow the hand to be moved towards and away from the body.

Most elbow pain clears up within a few days.

Elbow pain often is often caused by inflammation of the localised soft tissues. The most common conditions affecting the elbow are Tennis Elbow or Golfers Elbow (see under sports Injuries).

Pain in the elbow can also be caused by osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and fractures around the elbow.


The knee joint is the largest synovial joint in the body and combines considerable mobility and strength with the stability necessary to lock the knee in an upright position. As it is the largest synovial joint it is a common site for traumatic, degenerative and inflammatory disorders.

Pain can also be felt in the knee referred from the hip or a back problem or due to poor biomechanics in the foot.

Common Causes


The hip is a synovial ball and socket joint. It supports the weight of the body whilst standing and moving.

Possible Causes of Hip Pain

  • In adults the most common cause of hip pain is OA
  • Hip pain can also occur due to tendinitis or bursitis which can be caused by repetitive activities.
  • Hip pain can be referred from the back
  • Hip fractures are most common in elderly patients with osteoporosis.

  • Posted by Tara Drummond Osteopathy in Conditions.
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